Worming the dog is standard care that will keep your dog healthy.
There are various types of worms:
Roundworms: Long, thin and round worms
Tapeworms: (moving) white egg packages in the stool
Heartworms: are at present in Southern Europe.
Roundworms are particularly common in young dogs that are already infected during gestation in the womb. The pups are infected through breast milk. Furthermore, a dog can become infected by licking the eggs, which will occur anywhere in the vicinity of the infected animal. The coil worm lives in the small intestine and are not visible. It produced a lot of worm eggs per day and are not visible to the naked eye. An infestation of adult dogs generally occurs without symptoms.
The flea tapeworm (Dipylidium caninum) occur in all pets. Also this worm lives in the small intestine and may be up to 1 meter long! These worms are transmitted by fleas. If your pet is infected, the eggs of the tapeworm will be in the stool. These look like small white grains. Fleas eat the eggs, and infect your pet with the eggs. These eggs develop in the intestine of the dog or cat to a tapeworm. The tapeworm may be visible in the stool.
If you travel with your dog to the sunny south, you have worm the dog with an agent that is effective against the dangerous heartworms. The larvae of the heartworm are transmitted by mosquitoes. The worms live in the large blood vessels and the heart, after about seven months, the larvae have become a worm. Therefore, it may be long before your dog gets symptoms such as decreased fitness, weight loss, blood coughing and fainting. A good prevention is very important if you travel with your dog to a risk area: from the middle of France to to the south live the infected mosquitoes!
Some dogs eat the feces of other dogs. This gives a high probability of contamination. Also, worm eggs on your shoe soles can be brought into your house, so also pets that never come outside can be infected.
Worms can cause symptoms in the dog or cat. You may experience various symptoms such as a dull coat, vomiting, weight loss, diarrhea and the like. Also, you or your children can contract an infection: small children play in sandboxes and they may come into contact with worm eggs, so regular worming your dog is necessary. For puppies it is advised to worm it at 2, 4, 6 and 8 weeks and then every month until the puppy is 6 months old. Then the dog should be wormed four times a year.
Throughout the year a dog can become infected, the season it has no influence. Because worms can affect the immune system of the dog, it is recommended to worm your dog approximately two weeks before the annual inoculations.
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